-Assessing Reading Performance-
Analyzing running record-Anecdotal notes-Brief, written observations of revealing behavior that a teacher considers significant to understanding a child’s literacy learning.
Authentic assessment-Ask students to perform tasks that demonstrate sufficient knowledge and understanding of a subject.
Criterion-referenced tests- Formal assessments designed to measure individual student achievement according to a specific criterion for performance.
Diagnostic test- Formal assessment intended to provide detailed information about individual students’ strengths and weaknesses.
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS)- An assessment that includes a series of oral reading skill assessments. Short measures are used to monitor early literacy skills and provide feedback to inform instruction.
Formative assessment- An assessment that is used to gather information for teachers to adapt instruction to meet students’ needs.
High-stakes testing- consequences good or bad, such as a promotion or retention decisions, are linked to a performance on a test.
Interviewing- Periodic communication with individual students to assess reading interests and attitudes, self-perceptions, and understand of the language-learning process.
Miscue analysis- Informal assessment of oral reading errors to determine the extent to which readers use and coordinate graphic-sound, syntactic, and semantic information.
Miscues- Errors while reading orally.
Portfolios-A compilation of an individual student’s work in reading and writing, devised to reveal literacy progress as well as strengths and weaknesses.
Validity-The accuracy with which a test measures what is designed to measure- the most important characteristic of a test.
-Types of assessments-
- Survey Test: represents a measure of general performances only,
- Diagnostic tests: Formal assessment to find student’s strengths and weaknesses in reading performance.
- Formal assessment: Standardized Tests; Criterion-Referenced Tests.
- Informal assessments: Informal Reading Inventory; Running Record;Words count per minute; DIBELS.
- Portfolio Assessment: A compilation of an individual student’s work in reading and writing, devised to reveal literacy progress as well as strengths and weaknesses.
- Kids watching while teaching
- Anecdotal Notes
- Authentic Assessment: Students reading and writing tasks that look like real-life tasks, and students are primarily in control of the reading or writing task.
- Formative Assessment: Information gather to adapt instructions to best meet students needs.
- Self-Assessment: asking questions to challenge the learners thinking, “where can I improve? ” Where an I going?”
-Types of test scores-
- Percentiles: scores in terms of the percentage of a group the student has scored above.
- Stanine: Based on a standard nine-point scale.
- Standard: raw score that has been converted to a common standard to permit comparison.
- When assessing students; use the various types of assessment. Informal and formal.
- Know your students levels and abilities and don’t base their success on their standardized tests.